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A chess opening is the group of initial moves of a chess game. Recognized sequences of initial moves are referred to as openings by White, or defenses by Black, but opening is also used as the general term. There are many dozens of different openings, and hundreds of named variants. The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants. These vary widely in character from quiet positional play to wild tactical play. In addition to referring to specific move sequences, the opening is the first phase of a chess game, the other phases being the middlegame and the endgame.
Alapin's Opening
Alekhine's defense +
Amar (Paris) Opening
Amar gambit
Amsterdam attack
Anderssen's Opening
Anti-Borg (Desprez) Opening
Barnes defense
Battambang Opening
Beefeater defense
Benko gambit
Benko's Opening
Benoni +
Bird +
Bishop's Opening +
Blackburne shilling gambit
Blackmar gambit +
Blackmar-Diemer
Blumenfeld counter-gambit
Boden-Kieseritsky gambit
Bogo-Indian +
Budapest
Canard Opening
Caro-Kann +
Caro-Masi defense
Carr's defense
Catalan +
Center game
Colle system
Corn stalk defense
Crab Opening
Czech Benoni +
Damiano's defense
Danish gambit
de Bruycker defense
Doery defense
Dresden Opening
Dunst +
Durkin's attack
Dutch
Dzindzikhashvili defense
English
Evans gambit
Four knights
Fred
French +
Fried fox defense
Gedult attack
Gedult's Opening
Giuoco Pianissimo
Giuoco Piano
Giuoco piano
Giuoco Piano
Global Opening
Greco defense
Grob
Gruenfeld +
Guatemala defense +
Gunderam defense
Halasz gambit
Hammerschlag (Fried fox/Pork chop Opening)
Hawk defense
Hippopotamus defense
Hungarian defense
Inverted Hanham
Inverted Hungarian
Irish (Chicago) gambit
Kevitz-Trajkovich defense +
KGA
KGD
King's gambit
King's Indian
King's knight Opening
King's knight's gambit
King's pawn
Konstantinopolsky Opening
Lasker simul special
Latvian
Lemming defense
Lengfellner system
Levitsky attack (Queen's Bishop attack) +
Mieses Opening +
Modern defense
Mujannah Opening
Neo-Gruenfeld
Neo-Indian (Seirawan) attack
Nimzo-Indian
Nimzovich-Larsen attack +
Norwegian defense
Novosibirsk Opening +
Old Benoni
Old Indian +
Owen defense
Paleface attack
Petrov +
Philidor
Pirc
Polish
Ponziani
Pterodactyl defense
QGA
QGD
QP counter-gambit
Queen's Bishop game
Queen's Gambit
Queen's Indian
Queen's pawn
Queen's Pawn +
Queen's pawn
Reti
Reversed Grob (Borg/Basman defense/macho Grob)
Richter-Veresov attack
Robatsch defense
Rousseau gambit
Ruy Lopez
Santasiere's folly
Saragossa Opening
Scandinavian
Scotch
Semi-Benoni
Sicilian
St. George defense
Tayler Opening
Tennison gambit
Three knights
Torre attack (Tartakower Variation )
Trompovsky attack +
Two knights +
Valencia Opening
Van't Kruijs Opening +
Venezolana Opening
Vienna
Vulture defense
Ware (Meadow Hay) Opening
Woozle defense
 
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