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A chess opening is the group of initial moves of a chess game. Recognized sequences of initial moves are referred to as openings by White, or defenses by Black, but opening is also used as the general term. There are many dozens of different openings, and hundreds of named variants. The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants. These vary widely in character from quiet positional play to wild tactical play. In addition to referring to specific move sequences, the opening is the first phase of a chess game, the other phases being the middlegame and the endgame.
Alapin's Opening
Alekhine's defense +
Amar (Paris) Opening
Amar gambit
Amsterdam attack
Anderssen's Opening
Anti-Borg (Desprez) Opening
Barnes defense
Battambang Opening
Beefeater defense
Benko gambit +
Benko's Opening +
Benoni +
Bird +
Bishop's Opening +
Blackburne shilling gambit
Blackmar gambit +
Blumenfeld counter-gambit
Boden-Kieseritsky gambit
Bogo-Indian +
Canard Opening
Caro-Kann +
Caro-Masi defense
Carr's defense
Catalan +
Center game
Colle system
Corn stalk defense
Crab Opening
Czech Benoni +
Damiano's defense
Danish gambit
de Bruycker defense
Doery defense
Dresden Opening
Dunst +
Durkin's attack
Dutch +
Dzindzikhashvili defense
English +
Evans gambit
Four knights
Fried fox defense
Gedult attack
Gedult's Opening
Giuoco Pianissimo
Giuoco Piano
Giuoco piano
Global Opening
Greco defense
Guatemala defense +
Gunderam defense
Halasz gambit
Hammerschlag (Fried fox/Pork chop Opening)
Hawk defense
Hippopotamus defense
Hungarian defense +
Inverted Hanham
Inverted Hungarian
Irish (Chicago) gambit
Kevitz-Trajkovich defense +
King's gambit
King's Indian +
King's knight Opening
King's knight's gambit
King's pawn +
Konstantinopolsky Opening
Lasker simul special
Latvian +
Lemming defense
Lengfellner system
Levitsky attack (Queen's Bishop attack) +
Mieses Opening
Modern defense +
Mujannah Opening
Neo-Indian (Seirawan) attack
Nimzo-Indian +
Nimzovich-Larsen attack
Norwegian defense
Novosibirsk Opening +
Old Benoni
Old Indian +
Owen defense
Paleface attack
Philidor +
Pirc +
Polish +
Pterodactyl defense
QP counter-gambit
Queen's Bishop game
Queen's Gambit
Queen's Indian
Queen's pawn +
Queen's Pawn +
Queen's pawn +
Reti +
Reversed Grob (Borg/Basman defense/macho Grob)
Richter-Veresov attack +
Robatsch defense
Rousseau gambit
Ruy Lopez +
Santasiere's folly
Saragossa Opening
Scandinavian +
Scotch +
Sicilian +
St. George defense
Tayler Opening
Tennison gambit
Three knights +
Torre attack (Tartakower Variation )
Trompovsky attack +
Two knights
Valencia Opening
Van't Kruijs Opening +
Venezolana Opening
Vienna +
Vulture defense
Ware (Meadow Hay) Opening
Woozle defense
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